1. Typhoon Kathleen hit the Kantō region in Japan killing 1,077
Typhoon Kathleen, also known as the Kantō Typhoon, struck the Kantō region of Japan on September 15, 1947. It was one of the deadliest typhoons in Japan’s recorded history. The storm’s strong winds and heavy rain caused widespread flooding and landslides, leading to the tragic loss of 1,077 lives. This event highlighted the vulnerability of Japan to natural disasters and spurred efforts to improve disaster preparedness.
2. Indian Army captured the towns
Operation Polo, conducted in September 1948, marked a critical phase in the integration of princely states into the newly formed Indian Union. It aimed to bring the princely state of Hyderabad, ruled by the Nizam, into the Indian fold. The Indian Army’s successful military campaign resulted in the accession of Hyderabad to India, thereby ensuring the territorial integrity of the country.
3. Nikita Khrushchev became the first Soviet leader to visit the United States
Nikita Khrushchev’s visit to the United States in 1959 was a pivotal moment during the Cold War. The visit included his famous exchange with then-Vice President Richard Nixon at the American National Exhibition in Moscow, known as the “Kitchen Debate.” This encounter highlighted ideological differences between the United States and the Soviet Union. Khrushchev’s visit was part of an attempt to ease tensions between the two superpowers.
4. The Fourth World Conference on Women
The Fourth World Conference on Women, held in Beijing, China, in 1995, brought together delegates from around the world to discuss and advance women’s rights and gender equality. The conference resulted in the adoption of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, which outlined a comprehensive agenda for improving the status of women and promoting gender equality globally.
Chandrayaan-2 was India’s second lunar exploration mission. It aimed to explore the Moon’s south pole region, a relatively unexplored area. Unfortunately, during its attempted soft landing, the lander, Vikram, lost communication with mission control, and the exact fate of the lander remained uncertain. However, the orbiter component of the mission continued to send valuable data from lunar orbit.
6. Central American Independence
On this day in 1821, Central American countries, including Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua, declared their independence from Spain. This event laid the foundation for the region’s sovereignty.