history of 22 september – easy explain


1. Guru Nanak Dev’s Death

Guru Nanak Dev, the revered founder of Sikhism, departed from this world in 1539 in Kartarpur, leaving behind a profound legacy. Born in 1469 in what is now Pakistan, Guru Nanak Dev’s teachings transcend time and continue to inspire millions. He propagated the values of equality, compassion, and unwavering devotion to one God. One of his most enduring contributions is the institution of ‘langar,’ a communal kitchen that serves free meals to all, irrespective of their caste, creed, or social status. This practice epitomizes the core principles of Sikhism, emphasizing unity and selfless service.

2. Srinivasa Shastri was born


In 1869, VS Srinivasa Shastri, a visionary social reformer and prominent politician of India, was born. His life’s work was dedicated to advocating for civil rights and self-government for India. He emerged as a key leader in the Indian National Congress, championing the causes of justice, liberty, and equality. VS Srinivasa Shastri’s relentless commitment to these principles not only left an indelible mark on India’s struggle for independence but also continues to inspire generations in their pursuit of a just society.

3. German warship Imden bombed the port of Madras during World War I.

The year 1914 witnessed a world in turmoil as World War I raged on. Amidst this global conflict, the German warship Imden executed a daring bombing raid on the port of Madras (now known as Chennai). While the physical damage caused by the attack was relatively minor, its psychological impact was profound. The Imden bombing instilled widespread panic among the city’s residents, serving as a stark reminder of the far-reaching consequences of global warfare and the vulnerability of coastal cities during times of conflict.

4. The 1965 India-Pakistan War and the Quest for Peace

In 1965, a significant turning point in the history of the Indian subcontinent unfolded with the outbreak of a 17-day war between India and Pakistan. The conflict, triggered by territorial disputes, exacted a heavy toll on both sides, resulting in thousands of casualties. The war reached its conclusion through a ceasefire brokered by the United Nations. Despite the human cost, the conflict yielded no territorial gains, underscoring the importance of peaceful resolutions to regional disputes.

5. The Iran-Iraq War: A Decade of Devastation

The year 1980 marked the beginning of the Iran-Iraq War, a protracted and catastrophic conflict that endured for eight grueling years. This brutal war, one of the deadliest and longest conventional wars of the 20th century, witnessed an estimated 1.5 million lives lost and left both nations scarred. Despite the immense sacrifices, no clear victor emerged, leaving an enduring legacy of suffering and underscoring the futility of prolonged warfare.

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on this day on this day on this day on this day

aaj ka itihaas aaj ka itihaas aaj ka itihaas aaj ka itihaas

another events

September 22:

  1. In 904: Warlord Zhu Quanzhong killed Emperor Zhaozong, the penultimate emperor of the Tang dynasty, after seizing control of the imperial government.

  2. In 1236: The Samogitians defeated the Livonian Brothers of the Sword in the Battle of Saule.

  3. In 1499: The Treaty of Basel concluded the Swabian War, making Switzerland an independent state.

  4. In 1586: The Spanish army defeated the English and Dutch forces in the Battle of Zutphen.

  5. In 1598: Playwright and poet Ben Jonson was arrested and jailed for manslaughter after killing actor Gabriel Spenser in a duel.

  6. In 1692: The last people (eight) were hanged for witchcraft in the US, as part of the Salem witch trials.

  7. In 1711: The first attacks of the Tuscarora War began in present-day North Carolina.

  8. In 1761: George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz were crowned King and Queen, respectively, of the Kingdom of Great Britain.

  9. In 1776: Nathan Hale was hanged for spying during the American Revolution.

  10. In 1789: The office of United States Postmaster General was established.

  11. In 1792: The French First Republic came into being with the adoption of the French Republican Calendar.

  12. In 1823: Joseph Smith claimed to have found the golden plates that contained the Book of Mormon.

  13. In 1857: The Russian warship Lefort capsized and sank during a storm in the Gulf of Finland, killing all 826 aboard.

  14. In 1862: Abraham Lincoln released a preliminary version of the Emancipation Proclamation that declared all slaves in rebel states free.

  15. In 1866: Paraguay won its only significant victory in the Paraguayan War by defeating Brazil and Argentina in the Battle of Curupayty.

  16. In 1885: Lord Randolph Churchill made a speech in Ulster opposing Irish Home Rule.

  17. In 1891: Finland’s first hydropower plant was commissioned along the Tammerkoski rapids in Tampere.

  18. In 1896: Queen Victoria surpassed her grandfather King George III as the longest-reigning monarch in British history.

  19. In 1910: The Duke of York’s Picture House opened in Brighton, becoming the oldest continually operating cinema in Britain.

  20. In 1914: A German submarine sank three British cruisers over a seventy-minute period, killing almost 1500 sailors.

  21. In 1919: A steel strike led by the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers began in Pennsylvania and spread across the US.

  22. In 1934: A coal mine explosion killed 266 miners and rescuers in Gresford, Wales.

  23. In 1939: A joint German–Soviet military parade was held in Brest-Litovsk to celebrate their invasion of Poland.

  24. In 1944: Soviet troops captured Tallinn from Nazi Germany during World War II.

  25. In 1949: The Soviet Union successfully tested its first atomic bomb, codenamed RDS-1 or First Lightning, breaking the US monopoly on nuclear weapons.

  26. In 1955: Britain’s first independent television channel ITV began broadcasting, ending the BBC’s monopoly on broadcasting.

  27. In 1965: A ceasefire between India and Pakistan was declared by the United Nations after a 17-day war over Kashmir.

  28. In 1975: Sara Jane Moore attempted to assassinate US President Gerald Ford outside a hotel in San Francisco but missed by a few inches.

  29. In 1980: Iraq invaded Iran, starting an eight-year war that killed an estimated 1.5 million people and ended with no clear winner.

  30. In 1991: The Dead Sea Scrolls were made available to the public for the first time at an exhibition in Washington D.C.

  31. In 1993: A barge struck a railroad bridge near Mobile, Alabama, causing an Amtrak train to derail and crash into a bayou. Forty-seven passengers were killed, and more than a hundred were injured in one of the deadliest train accidents in US history.

  32. In 2003: David Hempleman-Adams became the first person to cross the Atlantic Ocean in an open-air balloon.

  33. In 2013: A terrorist attack at a shopping mall in Nairobi, Kenya, killed at least 67 people and injured more than 200. The Somali militant group Al-Shabaab claimed responsibility for the attack.


Q1: What is the enduring impact of Guru Nanak Dev’s ‘langar’ tradition?

Guru Nanak Dev’s ‘langar’ tradition symbolizes the core values of Sikhism, emphasizing equality and selfless service by providing free meals to all, regardless of their background. This tradition continues to thrive and inspire unity among Sikhs worldwide.

Q2: How did VS Srinivasa Shastri contribute to India’s fight for independence?

VS Srinivasa Shastri played a pivotal role as a leader in the Indian National Congress, advocating for civil rights and self-government for India. His dedication to justice, liberty, and equality was instrumental in India’s journey to independence.

Q3: What significance did the Imden bombing of 1914 hold during World War I? 

The Imden bombing, despite causing relatively minor physical damage, created widespread panic among the residents of Madras, highlighting the vulnerability of coastal cities during wartime.

Q4: What led to the ceasefire between India and Pakistan in 1965?

The ceasefire in 1965 was initiated by the United Nations following a 17-day war that resulted in significant casualties on both sides. However, the conflict produced no territorial gains, emphasizing the importance of peaceful resolutions.

Q5: How deadly was the Iran-Iraq War, and was there a clear victor?

The Iran-Iraq War, spanning eight years, was one of the deadliest conventional wars of the 20th century, resulting in an estimated 1.5 million casualties. Remarkably, there was no clear victor in terms of territorial gains, leaving both nations deeply scarred by the conflict.

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